Floral Sources in Coastal Virginia

Common Floral Sources for Honeybees in Coastal Virginia

Listed by Bloom Time

 Honeybee:  Apis mellifera


“A beekeeper must be something of a botanist in order to learn the
blossoming patterns of flowers that represent 
significant nectar flows.” 

 

 
                                                                            Landscape  
Common & Scientific Name                                   Nectar   Pollen    Value
 
Oregon grape (Mahonia alnifolia)                            --        +        Yes
Camellia sasanqua (Sasanqua camellia)                       --        +        Yes
Skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)                       --        +        No
Elm (Ulmus species)                                         --        +        Maybe
Willow (Salix spp.)                                         +         ++       Maybe
Maple (Acer spp.)                                           +         ++       Yes
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)                            ++        ++       No
Orchard fruit: apple, peach, cherry (Malus, Pyrus, Prunus)  +         +        Maybe
Wild cherry (Prunus spp.)                                   +         +        No
Wild rocket (Sisymbrium irio)                               +         +        No
Black locust (Robinia pseudocacia)                          ++        +        No
Tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera)                      ++        +        Yes
Sourwood (Oxydendrom arboretum)                             ++        +        Yes
Holly (Ilex spp.)                                           +         ++       Yes
Blackberry, Raspberry (Rubus spp.)                          ++        ++       Maybe
Blueberry (Vaccinium spp.)                                  +         ++       Yes
Yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)                 +++       ++       Maybe
White sweet clover (Melilotus alba)                         +++       ++       Maybe
Bugloss (Echinum vulgare)                                   ++        +        No
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)                                   ++        +        No
Corn (Zea Mays)                                             --        +        No
Linden, Basswood (Tilia spp.)                               +++       +        Yes
Clover, common white (Trifolium spp.)                       ++        +        Maybe
Sumac (Rhus spp.)                                           +         +        Maybe
Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima)                      ++        ++       Maybe
Vetch (Vicia spp.)                                          +         --       No
Birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus)                      +         +        No
Thistle (Cirsium arvense)                                   +         +        No
Queen Anne’s Lace (Daucus carota)                           +         +        No
Milkweed, Butterfly weed (Asclepias spp.)                   ++        +        Maybe
Curcurbits: squash,pumpkin,lopes (Curcurbita, Cucumus ssp.) +         ++       Maybe
Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)                      +         ++       Yes
Mints (Mentha x. and spp.)                                  +         +        Yes
Yellow buckeye (Aesculus flava)                             ++        ++       Yes
Chicory (Chichorium intybus)                                +         +        Maybe
Star thistle (Centaurea maculosa)                           ++        +        No
Sunflower (Helianthus spp.)                                 +         +        Yes
Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)                      ++        +        No!
Thyme (Thymus spp.)                                         ++        +        Yes
Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)                         ++        ++       No!
Smartweed (Polygonum spp.)                                  ++        +        Maybe
Red clover (Trifolium pratense)                             +         +        Maybe
Field hawkweed (Hieracium caespitosum)                      ++        ++       No
Beebalm (Monarda fistulosa)                                 --        +        Yes
Marjoram (Origanum vulgare)                                 +         +        Yes
Fireweed (Epilobium augustifolium)                          +         +        Yes
Sweet pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia)                        ++        ++       Yes!
Autumn clematis (Clematis terniflora)                       +         +        No!
Garden beans (Fabaceae plant fam.)                          +         ++       Maybe
Soybean (Glycine max)                                       +         +        No
Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica)                       ++        ++       No!
Spanish needle (Biden spp.)                                 +         +        No
Staghorn & Smooth Sumac (Rhus spp.)                         +         ++       Maybe
Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum)                            ++        --       Maybe
Goldenrod (Solidago spp.)                                   +++       ++       Yes
Fall aster (Aster spp.)                                     ++        ++       Yes
 

Aristaeus:  Greek God of Beekeepers

 Download Word , PDF

Compiled by Ted Munns, Northern Neck Beekeepers Club, 2010.

Many thanks to Beekeeper’s Handbook, Sammataro/Avitabile 1998 and Sue Hubble  “A Book of Bees”.

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